Vintage 3.5 x 5.5 double-weight semi-glossy black and white half-length “Ross” studio publicity portrait, boldly signed to the bottom border in black fountain pen.  Fine condition, with very faint surface striations along the right edge, minimally detracting from overall appearance.  Renate Muller was one of the most popular actresses of the German screen in the early 1930s. When Marlene Dietrich, under long-term contract to Paramount, denounced the Nazi regime, the fascists decided to promote Muller as a replacement to the now reviled Dietrich. Yet despite a personal appeal from Adolf Hitler, Muller resisted attempts to cast her in pro-Nazi propaganda films and refused to break off a relationship with a Jewish lover. When she died suddenly at age 31, the Nazi press gave the cause as epilepsy, but it was later revealed that she had fallen from a hospital room and Gestapo involvement in her death was suspected, although never conclusively proven.